Sonardyne and Wavefront showcase obstacle avoidance capability on UK’s test XLUUV


Published on 11/04/2021 – Last Updated on 11/04/2021 by OTC

Sonardyne and Wavefront’s underwater obstacle avoidance technology was successfully demonstrated onboard an extra-large, uncrewed underwater vehicle (XLUUV) constructed and operated by Plymouth-based MSubs Ltd.

The Vigilant forward-looking sonar demonstration was part of the first phase of the UK’s Defence and Security Accelerator (DASA) ‘Uncrewed Underwater Vehicle Testbed – Opportunity to Integrate’ competition, which was run in collaboration with the Royal Navy and the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl).

The DASA competition is focused on testing and validating commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) sensors and payloads, such as Vigilant, to assist the Royal Navy in understanding the future roles for XLUUVS for surveillance, reconnaissance, and anti-submarine warfare, and delivering new capabilities to the Royal Navy years sooner than would otherwise be possible.

Vigilant, developed by Wavefront and manufactured and commercialized by Sonardyne, is a navigation and obstacle avoidance sonar for ships, uncrewed surface vessels (USVs), and underwater vehicles. It provides crews with automated long-range detection of objects in the water column, showing them where it is safe to navigate and alerting them to potential underwater dangers that could result in a collision or grounding.


The system has two operating modes. In 3D mode, Vigilant produces accurate 3D bathymetry and colour-coded depth imagery out to 600 m and to depths down to 100 m. In Sonar mode, Vigilant processes the intensity of the acoustic data to extract long-range positional data out to 1.5 km and over a 120-degree field of view. The sonar returns are used to generate alerts highlighting the presence of a navigationally relevant obstacle.

For the trial, the system’s sonar projector and receiver array were mounted in the bow of the 9 m-long MSubs’ S201 XLUUV. At just 31 cm-wide and weighing only 14 kg in air, Vigilant is easy to retrofit on a wide range of platforms including ships, USVs or, as in this case, an XLUUV.

As part of the demonstration, the XLUUV was programmed to travel beyond the breakwater outside Plymouth sound. Vigilant was used to create a bathymetric map that was used by the XLUUV to navigate. The data was also overlaid over existing charts of the area, demonstrating the higher resolution provided by Vigilant.

Sonardyne DASA Msubs 2 small - Naval Post- Naval News and Information
Consone view (Sonardyne image)

Ioseba Tena, Head of Defence at Sonardyne, said: “We’re delighted to be playing a role in helping the Royal Navy and program partners to test and evaluate technologies that will help the UK stay ahead of her adversaries in the underwater battlespace.

“Seaborne collision avoidance is a vital consideration for autonomous and uncrewed naval platforms. Vigilant can be integrated into these ocean robots to provide essential information to autopilots and command and control systems, to aid safe navigation and maneuvers around hazardous obstacles.”

Check out Naval Library App to find out more about the specifications of the UUVs.

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